The Living Lab
More than 1.7 million people in Croatia live in rural areas, representing 42.5% of Croatia’s population. 37.6% of the population live in intermediate regions and 19.9% live in urban regions. Rural areas have high unemployment rates, a lower percentage of highly educated population and a large share of people at risk of poverty or social exclusion in rural areas. Most rural areas in Croatia are exposed to continuous depopulation and economic recession with a high risk-of-poverty rate (27% in Pannonian Croatia and 18,1% in Adriatic Croatia).
Regarding the role of rural women, in the Croatian Strategic Plan of the CAP, gender equality and women are mentioned a few times, however, there is no mention of gender inequality, related issues or measurable goals. The Strategic Plan proposes a tiny measure in the form of a minor additional score (up to 5%) for women – who share these points with young farmers – in the evaluation and granting of family farm subsidies, but nothing else. Nor does the strategic plan distinguish between women farmers and rural women, as it does not provide any specific objectives or measures in this regard.